French Polynesia

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Austral
[aut] Austral (Tubuai) Islands. 3,000 (2007 census). L2 users: 2,000. Ethnic population: 8,000. Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Tubuai-Rurutu. Dialects: Raivavae, Rimatara, Rurutu, Tubuai. Mutually intelligible with Tahitian [tah]. Currently Raivavae, Rurutu, Tubuai and Rimatara dialects considered as dialects of Tahitian. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, East, Central, Tahitic. Comments: Christian.

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Chinese, Hakka
[hak] 100 in French Polynesia (2015 census). L2 users: 1,000 in French Polynesia (2015). Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Hakka. Classification: Sino-Tibetan, Chinese. Comments: Non-indigenous. Buddhist, Christian, traditional religion.

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French
[fra] 178,000 in French Polynesia (2007 census). L2 users: 92,000 in French Polynesia (2013). No monolinguals. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (2004, Organic Law, No. 2004-192, Article 57). Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Gallo-Romance, Gallo-Rhaetian, Oïl, French. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Mangareva
[mrv] Gambier Islands, Mangareva island, Rikitea town. 600 (2011 census). Ethnic population: 1,340. On Gambier Islands; many others throughout French Polynesia. Status: 7 (Shifting). Recognized language (2004, Organic Law, No. 2004-192, Article 57). Alternate Names: Mangarevan. Dialects: None known. 65% average comprehension of Tahitian [tah]. Lexical similarity: 75% with Rarotongan [rar], 73% with Marquesan [mrq], 72% with Tuamotuan [pmt], 50%–68% with Tahitian [tah]. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, East, Central, Marquesic. Comments: Christian.

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Marquesan, North
[mrq] Marquesas Islands: Eiao, Hatutu, Matu One, Motuiti, Nuku Hiva, Ua Huka, and Ua Pou islands. 5,390 in French Polynesia (2007 census). Ethnic population: 5,400. Total users in all countries: 6,000. Status: 7 (Shifting). Statutory language of national identity (2004, Organic Law, No. 2004-192, Article 57). Alternate Names: ’Eo ’Enana. Dialects: Hatutu, Nuku Hiva, Ua Huka, Ua Pou. Wurm and Hattori (1981) list North Marquesan and South Marquesan [mqm] as 2 languages. North Marquesan dialects all inherently intelligible. 50% intelligibility of Tahitian [tah]. Lexical similarity: 45%–67% with Tahitian [tah], 73% with Mangareva [mrv] and Rarotonga [rar], 70% with Hawaiian [haw], 29% with Tuamotuan [pmt]. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, East, Central, Marquesic. Comments: Christian.

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Marquesan, South
[mqm] Marquesas Islands: Fatu Hiva, Fatu Huka, Hiva Oa, Mohotani, and Tahuta islands. 2,700 (2007 census). Ethnic population: 3,270. Status: 7 (Shifting). Statutory language of national identity (2004, Organic Law, No. 2004-192, Article 57). Dialects: Hiva Oa, Tahuata, Fatu Hiva. Dialects listed are inherently intelligible. Wurm and Hattori (1981) list North Marquesan [mrq] and South Marquesan as 2 languages. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, East, Central, Marquesic. Comments: Christian.

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Rapa
[ray] Austral Islands: Rapa (Rapa Iti) island, ’Area, Ha’urei villages. 300 (2007 census). Ethnic population: 515 (2012 census). Populations for Rapa island; many more on other islands, especially Tahiti. Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Rapan, Reo Rapa. Dialects: May be a dialect of Austral [aut]. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, East, Central. Comments: Christian.

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Tahitian
[tah] Society Islands: some islands in Tuamotus including the Mihiroa group. 63,000 in French Polynesia (2007 census). Total users in all countries: 68,000. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (2004, Organic Law, No. 2004-192, Article 57). Alternate Names: Reo Tahiti. Dialects: None known. Lexical similarity: 85% with Rarotongan [rar], 76% with Hawaiian [haw]. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, East, Central, Tahitic. Comments: Christian.

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Tuamotuan
[pmt] Tahiti, Tuamotu. 4,000 (2007 census). Ethnic population: 15,600. In Tuamotu islands; many also on Tahiti. Status: 7 (Shifting). Statutory language of national identity (2004, Organic Law, No. 2004-192, Article 57). Alternate Names: Paumotu, Pa’umotu. Dialects: Vahitu, Tapuhoe, Napuka, Reao, Fangatau (Tupitimoake), Parata (Putahi), Marangai. Lexical similarity: 83% with Rarotongan [rar], 77% with Hawaiian [haw]. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, East, Central, Tahitic. Comments: Christian.

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