Portugal

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Asturian
[ast] Bragança District, Miranda do Douro and Vimioso municipalities, 2 towns. 10,000 in Portugal (Salminen 2007). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Asturian-Leonese Dialects: Central Asturian (Bable), West Asturian. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Ibero-Romance, West Iberian, Asturo-Leonese Comments: Literature since 17th century: poetry, traditional ballads, and chivalric novels of oral tradition. Although Academy of the Asturian Language formed in 1981, use in decline due to lack of government support due to overwhelming immigration into the region. Western Asturian may need orthography adaptation.

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Barranquian
[ext] Beja District, Barrancos municipality. 1,500 in Portugal. Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Barranquenho, Cahtúo, Cahtúö, Ehtremeñu, Extremaduran, Extremeño Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Ibero-Romance, West Iberian, Castilian

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Caló
[rmq] 5,000 in Portugal. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Calão, Gitano, Iberian Romani Dialects: Brazilian Calão, Catalonian Caló, Portuguese Calão, Spanish Caló. Classification: Mixed language, Iberian-Romani Comments: Christian.

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Galician
[glg] North Bragança and Vila Real districts. 15,000 in Portugal (1994 SIL). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Galego, Gallego Dialects: Guadramilese (Guadramilês), Rionorese (Rionorês). Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Ibero-Romance, West Iberian, Portuguese-Galician

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Kabuverdianu
[kea] 200,000 in Portugal (2012 SIL). Status: 5 (Developing). Classification: Creole, Portuguese based

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Minderico
[drc] Santarém District, Alacanena municipality, Minde; Leiria District, Porto de Mós municipality, Mira de Aire. 500 (2010 V. Ferreira). Status: 8b (Nearly extinct). Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Ibero-Romance, West Iberian, Portuguese-Galician

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Mirandese
[mwl] Bragança District, Miranda do Douro and Vimioso municipalities, Miranda city; Spain border. 15,000 (2000). 10,000 use it regularly, 5,000 when they return to the area. 2,000 Sendinese in Sendim Vila. Status: 2 (Provincial). Statutory language of provincial identity in 4 municipalities, northeast Portugal (1999, Law No. 7-99 of 29 January). Alternate Names: Mirandês Dialects: Mirandés Meridional (Mirandés Sendinês, Sendinês), Mirandés Setentrional (Mirandés Raiano), Mirandese Central (Miranadese Normal). Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Ibero-Romance, West Iberian, Asturo-Leonese Comments: Have different dress style from their neighbors (black, handwoven cloth).

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Portuguese
[por] Widespread; also, Azores and Madeira autonomous regions. 10,000,000 in Portugal (ELDIA 2012). Population total all countries: 203,349,200. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (2005, Constitution, Article 11(3)). Alternate Names: Português Dialects: Alentejan (Alentejano), Algarvian (Algarvio), Azorean (Açoriano), Beiran (Beirão), Brazilian Portuguese, Estremenho, Madeirese (Madeirense), Minhotan (Minhoto), Transmontan (Transmontano). Standard Portuguese of Portugal based on Estremenho dialect (Lisbon and Coimbra). Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Ibero-Romance, West Iberian, Portuguese-Galician Comments: Christian.

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Portuguese Sign Language
[psr] Widespread, including Azores and Madeira islands. 60,000 (2013 European Union of the Deaf). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: LGP, Lingua Gestual Portuguesa Dialects: Lisbon, Oporto. Older signers attended separate schools for boys and girls in Lisbon and Oporto, resulting in some variation by gender and region. (Van Cleve 1986) These differences have largely disappeared in younger signers. No apparent relationship to Spanish sign language, based on a lexical comparison of non-iconic signs. (Eberle and Eberle 2012). Classification: Deaf sign language Comments: Historically related to Swedish Sign Language [swl]. (Van Cleve 1986).

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Romani, Vlax
[rmy] 500 in Portugal. Status: 5 (Developing). Dialects: Kalderash. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central zone, Romani, Vlax Comments: Christian.

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