Sweden

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Danish
[dan] 56,900 in Sweden (2012 M. Parkvall). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, North, East Scandinavian, Danish-Swedish, Danish-Riksmal, Danish. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Finnish
[fin] Dalarna county: Botkyrka; Jonkoping county: Habo; Kalmar county, Eskilstuna; Norrbotten county: Gallivare, Haparanda, Kiruna, Pajala, and Overtonea; Stockholm county: Stockholm city, Haninge, Huddinge, Sigtuna, Solna, Sodertalje, Upplands-Bro, Upplands-Vasby, and Osteraker; Uppsala county: Uppsala city, Tierp, Alvkarleby, and Osthammar; Vastmanland county: Lake Malaren area, Hallstahammar and Koping; Vastra Gotaland county: Gothenburg.. 201,000 in Sweden (Parkvall 2009). All speakers, apart from 3,000 Ingrians originating in Russia, are either modern-day immigrants from Finland or their children. Swedish-speaking immigrants from Finland are not included in the figure. Status: 2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in administrative area municipalities located in at least part of the following counties: Jämtland, Norrbotten, Stockholm, Uppsala, Västerbotten (2009, NMNML Act No. 724, Article 6). Alternate Names: Finska, Suomi. Classification: Uralic, Finnic. Comments: Non-indigenous. Christian.

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Finnish, Tornedalen
[fit] Norrbotten county: Gällivare, Kiruna, Pajala, Övertorneå, and Haparanda municipalities. 30,000 in Sweden (Parkvall 2009). Total users in all countries: 60,000. Status: 5 (Developing). Statutory provincial language in administrative area municipalities: Gällivare, Haparanda, Kiruna, Pajala, Övertoneå (2009, NMNML Act No. 724, Art, 6). Alternate Names: Meänkieli, North Finnish, Torne Valley Finnish, Tornedalsfinska. Dialects: Torne Valley Finnish, Vittangi Finnish, Gällivare Finnish. Finnish [fin] not totally intelligible to speakers, especially abstract and complex discourse. Classification: Uralic, Finnic. Comments: Some speakers refer to it as Finnish. Influences from Swedish [swe]. Finnish speakers settled here 12th century. Christian.

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Romani, Kalo Finnish
[rmf] 1,650 in Sweden (Parkvall 2009). Ethnic population: 3,000. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Fíntika Rómma, Kalé. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Intermediate Divisions, Western, Romani, Northern. Comments: Non-indigenous. Christian.

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Romani, Tavringer
[rmu] Norrbottens county: Lapland, scattered elsewhere. No known L1 speakers. Status: 9 (Dormant). Alternate Names: Resande Romani, Rommani, Svensk Rommani, Traveller Swedish. Dialects: None known. Independent language based on Swedish [swe] with heavy lexical borrowing from Northern Romani varieties. Not intelligible of Angloromani [rme]. Classification: Mixed language, Swedish-Romani. Comments: Arrived in Sweden via Denmark in 1512.

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Romani, Vlax
[rmy] Stockholm. 10,500 in Sweden (Parkvall 2009). Status: 5 (Developing). Recognized language (2009, Language Act No. 600, Article 7). Alternate Names: Rom, “Zigenare” (pej.). Dialects: Kalderash, Lovari, Arli, Machvano, Gurbet, Sinto. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Intermediate Divisions, Western, Romani, Vlax. Comments: Non-indigenous. Christian.

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Saami, Lule
[smj] Norrbotten county: Gällivare and Jokkmokk municipalities, along Lule river. 1,500 in Sweden (Krauss 1992). 1,000–2,000 speakers in Norway and Sweden (Salminen 2007). Ethnic population: 6,000. Total users in all countries: 2,000. Status: 2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in administrative area municipalities located in at least part of the following counties: Dalarna, Jämtland, Norrbotten, Västerbotten (2009, NMNML Act No. 724, Article 6). Alternate Names: “Lapp” (pej.), Lule, Saami. Dialects: None known. Quite distinct from other Saami. Classification: Uralic, Sami, Western, Northern.

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Saami, North
[sme] Norrbotten county: Kiruna, Gällivare, Jokkmokk, Arjeplog, Arvidsjaur, Karesuando and Jukkasjärvi municipalities. 4,000 in Sweden (Krauss 1992). Ethnic population: 5,000 (1994 SIL). Status: 2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in administrative area municipalities located in at least part of the following counties: Dalarna, Jämtland, Norrbotten, Västerbotten (2009, NMNML Act No. 724, Article 6). Alternate Names: “Lapp” (pej.), Northern Lappish, Northern Saami, Norwegian Saami, Saame, Same, Sámegiella, Samic. Dialects: Torne. Classification: Uralic, Sami, Western, Northern.

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Saami, Pite
[sje] Norrbotten county: Arjeplog and Arvidsjaur municipalites, along Pite river. 20 in Sweden (Salminen 2007). Ethnic population: 2,000 (1995 M. Krauss). Status: 8b (Nearly extinct). Recognized language (1999, Sami Language Use Act, No. 1175). Alternate Names: Arjeplog Saami, “Lapp” (pej.), Pite, Saami. Classification: Uralic, Sami, Western, Northern. Comments: Pite Saami very distinct.

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Saami, South
[sma] Jamtland county: Stromsund and Krokum municipalities, Härjedalen; Dalarna county: Alvdalen municipality; Vasterbotten county: Vilhelmina municipality. 300 in Sweden (Krauss 1992). Ethnic population: 600. Total users in all countries: 600. Status: 2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in administrative area municipalities located in at least part of the following counties: Dalarna, Jämtland, Norrbotten, Västerbotten (2009, NMNML Act No. 724, Article 6). Alternate Names: “Lapp” (pej.), Southern Lapp. Classification: Uralic, Sami, Western, Southern.

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Saami, Ume
[sju] Vasterbotten county: Storuman and Lycksele municipalities, Malå, Tärna, and Sorsele, along Ume river. 20 (2000 T. Salminen). No speakers in Norway (Salminen 2007). Ethnic population: 1,000 (1995 M. Krauss). Status: 8b (Nearly extinct). Alternate Names: “Lapp” (pej.), Saami, Ume. Classification: Uralic, Sami, Southern.

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Swedish
[swe] Widespread. Göta dialect: south, including parts of Småland, Värmland, Västergötland, parts of Östergötland, Bohuslän and Dalsland; Svea dialect: central, including Västmanland, Södermanland, Gästrikland, Dalarna, south Hälsingland, parts of Östergötland and Uppland; Southern Swedish: Skåne, Blekinge, south Småland, south Halland; Northern Swedish: north Hälsingland and north; Jamska: mainly Jämtland; Eastern Swedish: Finland, Estonia, and Gammalsvenskby, Ukraine; Gutniska: Isle of Gotland and Fårö; Elfdalian dialect: northern Dalarna, southeastern Älvdalen municipality. 8,840,000 in Sweden (European Commission 2012). 5,000 speakers of Gutniska (1998 S. Håkansson), and 30,000 of Jamska. Total users in all countries: 12,334,290 (as L1: 9,216,290; as L2: 3,118,000). Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (2009, Language Act. No. 600, Articles 4,5,6). Alternate Names: Ruotsi, Svenska. Dialects: Dalecarlian, Eastern Swedish (Estonian Swedish, Finland Swedish), Gutniska (Gotlandic, Gutamal, Gutnic), Northern Swedish (Norrland), Southern Swedish (Scanian, Skåne, Skånska), Svea, Jamska, Elfdalian (Älvdalska, Övdalian, Övdalsk). Standard Swedish considered spoken in Svealand. Dialect investigation needed in Gutniska, Överkalixmål, Närpes, Pitemål, provinces around the Bothnic Sea (Norbotten in Sweden and Österbotten in Finland), and the island of Gotland. Gutniska descended from Forngutniska (Old Gotlandic). Dalecarlian spoken in northern Dalarna Province by about 10,000 speakers. Many would actually consider this variety a language in its own right, with its own literary standard and features that are markedly different from standard Swedish. Elfdalian is considered the most archaic vernacular within Dalecarlian, preserving many features of Old Norse. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, North, East Scandinavian, Danish-Swedish, Swedish.

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Swedish Sign Language
[swl] Scattered. 10,000 (2014 EUD). 10,000 Deaf sign language users (2014 EUD). 40,000 Deaf (2014 IMB). Status: 4 (Educational). Recognized language (2009, Languages Act, Article 9). Alternate Names: STS, Svenskt teckenspråk, SwedSL. Dialects: None known. Partly intelligible with Norwegian [nsl], Danish [dsl], and Finnish [fse] sign languages. Classification: Sign language. Comments: The Language Law of 2009 officially recognizes Swedish Sign Language in a way similar to the earlier recognition of the five national minority languages, with an obligation to protect and promote it. 600 sign language interpreters (2014 EUD). Many L2 users, with classes for parents of deaf children and other hearing people (2013 N. Juhonewe). Fingerspelling system is unlike other European languages. Christian.

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