São Tomé e Príncipe

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Angolar
[aoa] São Tomé Island south tip, São João dos Angolares area; some south of Caué area. 5,000 (1998 SIL). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Ngola Dialects: None known. Substratum largely Kwa [kwb] and Western Bantu; quite distinct from creoles of Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Gambia, and Cape Verde. The 33% of the Angolar lexicon not shared with Sãotomense [cri] is largely of Bantu origin, apparently Kimbundu [kmb] of Angola, with some from Koongo [kng] and Bini [bin]. Lexical similarity: 70% with São Tomense [cri], 67% with Principense [pre], 53% with Fa d’Ambu [fab]. Classification: Creole, Portuguese based Comments: Distinct ethnolinguistic group from the Forros, the emancipated. Most Angolares speak Sãotomense [cri], and tend to be absorbed into the Forros. Christian.

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Portuguese
[por] 2,580 in São Tomé e Príncipe (1993). Status: 1 (National). De facto national language. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Ibero-Romance, West Iberian, Portuguese-Galician

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Principense
[pre] Príncipe island. 200 (1999 SIL). Ethnic population: 1,560. Status: 8a (Moribund). Alternate Names: Lun’gwiye, “Moncó” (pej.) Dialects: None known. Substratum largely Kwa [kwb] and Western Bantu; quite distinct from creoles of Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Gambia, and Cape Verde. Lexical similarity: 77% with Sãotomense [cri], 67% with Angolar [aoa], 62% with Fa d’Ambu [fab]. Classification: Creole, Portuguese based

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Sãotomense
[cri] São Tomé Island except south tip. 69,900 (1999 SIL). Status: 6b (Threatened). De facto language of provincial identity in São Tomé Island except south tip. Alternate Names: Forro, Santomense, São Tomense Dialects: None known. Substratum largely Kwa [kwb] and Western Bantu languages; quite distinct from the creoles of Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Gambia, and Cape Verde. Lexical similarity: 77% with Principense [pre], 62% with Fa d’Ambu [fab] (Annobonese), 70% with Angolar [aoa]. Classification: Creole, Portuguese based Comments: Tonal, although 90% of lexicon of Portuguese [por] origin.

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