Arabic, Tajiki Spoken
[abh] Khatlon Province, Vakhsh Valley villages; Kuliab and Leninabad cities. Mainly small villages. 1,000 in Tajikistan. Population total all countries: 6,000. Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Arabic, Bukhara Arabic, Buxara Arabic, Central Asian, Jugari, Tajiji Arabic Dialects: A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic Comments: Endogamous, do not mix with speakers of other languages. Muslim (Hanafi Sunni).
[paq] Hissar valley. 3,000 in Tajikistan (2008). Population total all countries: 4,000. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Afghana-Yi Nasfurush, Afghana-Yi Siyarui, Laghmani, Pbharya Dialects: May be Marwari [rwr] dialect, related to Panjabi [pan], or Laghman dialect of Southeast Pashayi [psi] of Afghanistan. Subgroups: Kalu, Jitain, Juni, Maggar, Bisiyan, Mussali, Shuiya. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central zone, Unclassified Comments: Came in 1880 to Tajikistan from Laghman, Afghanistan. Ethnic autonym: Changgars. Subgroup names similar to Changgars of Lahore, and to names used for groups mistakenly called Gypsies. Muslim (Sunni).
[sgh] Gorno-Bagakhshan, Pamir mountains. 40,000 in Tajikistan (1975 SIL). 20,000 Shugan, 1,500–2,000 Oroshor, 15,000 Rushan. Population total all countries: 80,000. Ethnic population: 73,800 (1990 A. Kibrik). Includes 50,000 Shugni, 2,000 Oroshor, 18,000 Rushan, 800 Khufi, 3,000 Bartang. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Shugnan-Rushan Dialects: Bartangi (Bartang), Khufi (Chuf, Khuf), Oroshor (Roshorvi), Rushani (Oroshani, Roshani, Rushan), Shughni (Khugni, Shighni, Shugan, Shugnan). Khufi and Bartangi dialects may be separate languages. Oroshani may be separate from Rushani. Not intelligible of Sarikoli [srh] (called, Tajiki, in China). Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Eastern, Southeastern, Pamir, Shugni-Yazgulami Comments: Traditional territory and way of life. Muslim (Ismaili).
[tgk] 3,340,000 in Tajikistan (1991). Population total all countries: 4,479,650. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1994, Constitution, Article 2). Alternate Names: Galcha, Tadzhik, Tajik, Tajiki Persian, Tojiki Dialects: 4 groups of small dialects; no distinct boundaries. Dialect blending into Dari Persian [prs] in Afghanistan. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Southwestern, Persian Comments: Russian sources refer to Persian dialects in Afghanistan as Tajiki. So-called Tajiki in China is actually Shugni [sgh] or Wakhi [wbl]. Some Tajiki-speaking Gypsy communities in Russian central Asia. Muslim (Sunni).
[wbl] Gorno-Badakhshan, Pamir mountains. 15,000 in Tajikistan (2012 M. Merritt). Ethnic population: 20,000 (1990 A. Kibrik). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Guhjali, Khik, Vakhan, Wakhani, Wakhigi Dialects: Central Wakhi, Eastern Wakhi, Western Wakhi. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Eastern, Southeastern, Pamir Comments: Muslim (Ismaili).
[yai] Zafarabad; north of Dushanbe; Yagnob river (the homeland), high mountain valley. 12,000 (2004 SIL). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Yaghnabi, Yaghnobi, Yaghnubi, Yagnabi, Yagnob, Yagnubi Dialects: Eastern Yagnobi, Western Yagnobi. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Eastern, Northeastern Comments: Were resettled in 1970s to Zafarabad in north Tajikistan on the border with Uzbekistan; changed from cool mountain valleys with water to irrigated desert plains. Muslim (Sunni).
[yah] Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province, Yazgulyam river valley, Motravn, Shavud, Budun, Vishkharv, Andarbag, Zhamag, Zaich, and Ubaghn; Kuybishev area; Dushanbe area. 9,000 (2010). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Iazgulem, Yazghulomi, Yazgulam, Yazgulyami Dialects: Lower Yazgulyam, Upper Yazgulyam. Little dialect difference. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Eastern, Southeastern, Pamir, Shugni-Yazgulami Comments: Muslim (Sunni), Muslim (Shi’a).