[crh] Crimea. 260,000 in Ukraine (2006 A. Goriainov). Population total all countries: 475,540. Status: 5 (Developing). Recognized language (2009, No. 1167-VI, Autonomous Republic Crimea Republic Constitution (amended), Articles 11-13), protected language. Alternate Names: Crimean, Crimean Turkish Classification: Altaic, Turkic, Southern Comments: Sometimes confused with, but distinct from, Tatar [tat]. Muslim.
[jat] Status: Unattested. Alternate Names: Jat, Jataki, Jati, Jatu, Kayani, Musali Dialects: None known. Related to Western Panjabi [pnb]. A member of macrolanguage Lahnda [lah]. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Northwestern zone, Lahnda Comments: Different from Jadgali [jdg] of Pakistan. Nomadic. Muslim.
[kdr] West, Luts’k and Halych towns. 6 in Ukraine (Salminen 2007). Status: 8b (Nearly extinct). Alternate Names: Karaite Dialects: Halych (Galits), Karaim, Trakai (Trakay). Classification: Altaic, Turkic, Western, Ponto-Caspian Comments: No speakers remaining in Israel. Lutzk-Halych dialect Russian-English dictionary being compiled (2006 V. Mireyev). Jewish (Karaite).
[jct] Crimea Autonomous Republic. 200 (Salminen 2007). Ethnic population: 1,800 (Salminen 2007). 1,200 ethnic Krimchak in the Crimea, 600 elsewhere (Salminen 2007). Status: 8b (Nearly extinct). Alternate Names: Judeo-Crimean Tatar, Judeo-Crimean Turkish Dialects: None known. Reportedly similar to Crimean Tatar [crh]. Classification: Altaic, Turkic, Western, Ponto-Caspian Comments: Jewish (Karaite).
[rue] Transcarpathian Oblast. May be in Romania. 560,000 in Ukraine (2000). Population total all countries: 623,500. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Carpathian, Carpatho-Rusyn, Ruthenian Dialects: Rusyn is called a dialect of Ukrainian [ukr], but speakers reportedly consider themselves distinct from Ukrainians. Classification: Indo-European, Slavic, East Comments: Christian.
[ukr] 32,000,000 in Ukraine (2001 census). Population total all countries: 36,048,890. Ethnic population: 37,500,000 (2001 census). Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1996, Constitution, Article 10). Dialects: East Ukrainian, Northwest Ukrainian, Southwest Ukrainian. Dialect differences slight. Classification: Indo-European, Slavic, East Comments: Christian.
Ukrainian Sign Language