Uzbekistan

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Arabic, Uzbeki Spoken
[auz] Buxoro Region; Samarkand Region, middle and lower Zerafshan valley, a few in Katta-Kurgan town; small villages. 700. Status: 8a (Moribund). Alternate Names: Central Asian Arabic, Jugari, Kashkadarya Arabic, Uzbeki Arabic Dialects: Similar to North Mesopotamian Spoken Arabic [ayp]. Sharp dialect differences between Bukhara and Kashkadarya regions. Bukhara is strongly influenced by Tajiki [tgk]; Kashkadarya by Uzbek [uzn] and other Turkic languages. May be a mixed language. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic Comments: Endogamous and do not mix with speakers of other languages. Muslim (Hanafi Sunni).

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Bukharic
[bhh] Various areas. Buxoro is cultural center. 10,000 in Uzbekistan (1995). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Bokharian, Bokharic, Bukharan, Bukharin, Judeo-Tajik Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Southwestern, Persian Comments: Jewish.

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Crimean Tatar
[crh] 150,000 in Uzbekistan (2006 A. Goriainov). Status: 4 (Educational). Alternate Names: Crimean Turkish Dialects: Central Crimean, Northern Crimean (Crimean Nogai, Steppe Crimean), Southern Crimean. Classification: Altaic, Turkic, Southern Comments: In census counted with the Tatar [tat], but the languages are distinct. Muslim.

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Karakalpak
[kaa] Along lower Amu Darya; south Aral Sea area. Also in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russian Federation, Turkmenistan. 407,000 in Uzbekistan (1993 UBS). Population total all countries: 410,410. Ethnic population: 424,000 in what is now the Russian Federation. Status: 5 (Developing). Statutory language of provincial identity in Karakalpakstan (1995, [amended] Official Language Law, 3561-XI, Article 3). Alternate Names: Karaklobuk, Klobouki, Tchorny Dialects: Northeastern Karakalpak, Southeastern Karakalpak. Classification: Altaic, Turkic, Western, Aralo-Caspian Comments: Some literature. Muslim (Sunni).

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Kazakh
[kaz] 808,000 in Uzbekistan. Status: 4 (Educational). Classification: Altaic, Turkic, Western, Aralo-Caspian

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Russian
[rus] 1,660,000 in Uzbekistan. Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language. Classification: Indo-European, Slavic, East

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Tajiki
[tgk] 934,000 in Uzbekistan. Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Southwestern, Persian

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Turkish
[tur] 197,000 in Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan (based on 1979 census, not counting 56,000 Turks of Fergana, who speak an Uzbek dialect). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Osmanli Dialects: Danubian, Dinler, Edirne, Eskisehir, Gaziantep, Karamanli, Razgrad, Rumelian, Urfa. Classification: Altaic, Turkic, Southern, Turkish Comments: Muslim (Sunni).

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Uzbek
[uzb] Population total all countries: 21,930,230. Comments: Member languages are: Northern Uzbek [uzn], Southern Uzbek [uzs] (Afghanistan)

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Uzbek, Northern
[uzn] East of the Amu Darya; south Aral Sea area. Possibly in Munich, Germany. Also in Australia, China, Israel, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russian Federation, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United States. 16,500,000 in Uzbekistan (1995 UN). Population total all countries: 18,968,250. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1995, [amended] Official Language Law, 3561-XI, Article 1). Alternate Names: Özbek Dialects: Karluk (Qarlug), Kipchak (Kypchak), Oghuz. Distinct from Southern Uzbek [uzs] of Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Turkey. Russian [rus] influences in grammar, use of loanwords, and script. Oghuz may be a dialect of Khorasani Turkish [kmz] in Turkey rather than Uzbek. Classification: Altaic, Turkic, Eastern Comments: About a third urbanized. Much Persian influence in language and culture. Patrilineal. Sart is an obsolete name for sedentary Uzbek, possibly those who are ethnically Tajik. Muslim (Hanafi Sunni).

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