South Africa

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Official Name
Republic of South Africa
Population
51,771,000
Principal Languages
Afrikaans, English, Ndebele, Northern Sotho, Southern Sotho, Swati, Tsonga, Tswana, Venda, Xhosa, Zulu
Literacy Rate
87% (2007 UNESCO)
Immigrant Languages
Angloromani (7,900), Dutch (12,000), French (8,000), Greek (17,000), Gujarati (25,800), Hai||om, Hakka Chinese (10,000), Italian (16,000), Kung-Ekoka (3,500), Portuguese (1,500,000), Shona (18,000), Standard German (12,000), Tamil (26,000), Telugu (4,000), Yue Chinese (15,000)
Deaf Population
383,000
Deaf Institutions
41
General References
Brenzinger 1998; Ruhlen 1987; Van der Merwe and van Niekerk 1994; Voegelin and Voegelin 1977
Language Counts
The number of individual languages listed for South Africa is 31. Of these, 28 are living and 3 are extinct. Of the living languages, 13 are institutional, 5 are developing, 4 are vigorous, and 6 are dying.