Afrikaans

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A language of South Africa

Population

6,860,000 in South Africa (2013 UNSD), decreasing. L2 users: 10,300,000 in South Africa (Webb 2002). Total users in all countries: 17,537,060 (as L1: 7,237,060; as L2: 10,300,000).

Location

Widespread, but fewer speakers in East Cape and KwaZulu-Natal provinces.

Language Status

1 (National). Statutory national language (1996, Constitution, Art 6(1)).

Dialects

Cape Afrikaans (West Cape Afrikaans), Orange River Afrikaans, East Cape Afrikaans. A variant of the Dutch [nld] spoken by the 17th century colonists, with some lexical and syntactic borrowings from Malay [zlm], Bantu languages, Khoisan languages, Portuguese [por], and other European languages.

Typology

SVO; prepositions; noun head final; definite and indefinite articles; passives; tense; 20 consonants, 16 vowels, 9 diphthongs; non-tonal; free stress.

Language Use

Some also use English [eng].

Language Development
Taught in primary and secondary schools. Fully developed. Bible: 1933–2000.
Writing

Braille script [Brai], used since 1953. Latin script [Latn], primary usage.

Other Comments

Muslim, Christian.

Also spoken in:

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