14,000 (Golla 2007). 6,000 on San Carlos, 7,000 on Fort Apache Reservation (White Mountain Apache Tribe); smaller numbers at Tonto, Camp Verde, and Fort McDowell reservations (Golla 2007). Ethnic population: 20,157 (Ichihashi-Nakayama, Yumitani, and Yamamoto 2007).
East central Arizona, several reservations.
Cibecue, San Carlos, Tonto, White Mountain.
Vigorous. A few children at San Carlos and Fort Apache are L1 speakers but most younger people are passive or semi-passive (2007). Also use English [eng].