Northwest Yunnan, Dali Bai autonomous prefecture, Xiangyun.
SVO; attributives precede noun heads; number classifier constructions follow noun heads; tense-lax vowel distinction; tonal, 5 to 8 tones
Officially classified within Bai nationality. Classification difficult due to heavy borrowing (60% to– 70%) from Chinese. Considered genetically related to Chinese, or a mixed language with Chinese, or related to Yi, or an independent branch of Tibeto-Burman. Traditional religion, Buddhist, Daoist.