Kalinga, Tanudan


A language of Philippines

Alternate Names
Lower Tanudan, Lower Tanudan Kalinga, Mangali Kalinga

11,200 (1998 SIL), increasing. Less than 10% monolingual.


Luzon, south Kalinga Province, south end of Tanudan valley.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing).


Minangali, Pinangol, Tinaloctoc. Intelligibility: 79% of Limos Kalinga [kmk], 66% of Guinaang dialect of Lubuagan Kalinga [knb]. Lexical similarity: 97% with Pinangol dialect, 80% with Madukayang Kalinga [kmd].

Language Use

All domains. All ages. Positive attitudes. Also use Ilocano [ilo], Filipino [fil], or English [eng]; L2 acquired through school, trade, intermarriage, media, and home.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 82%. Literacy rate in L2: 70%–82%. Bible portions: 1980–1987.
Latin script.
Other Comments

Christian, traditional religion.