10,000 in Singapore (Pakir 1986). Population total all countries: 12,000. Ethnic population: 250,000–400,000 (1986).
Mainly Katong District, east coast and surrounding Geylang and Jao Chiat districts. Also in Malaysia.
It developed after 15th century from Low Malay with many Min Nan Chinese [nan] borrowings. Regional variants between Malacca and Singapore. Partially intelligible with Standard Malay [zsm]. It is generally believed that Baba of Malaysia is more, refined, and that of Singapore more, rough. Most learn Standard Malay and English in school. Distinct from Peranakan Indonesian [pea]. Baba in Melaka, Malaysia speak a Hokkien-influenced Malay creole; those in Penang, Malaysia speak a localized version of Hokkien [hnh] (2006, Tan Chee Beng).