5 (Wurm 2000). Ethnic population: 300 (Tsukida 2007).
Central, Sun Moon Lake southeast shore, Te-hua village, and Ta-p’ing-lin 14 km away.
8b (Nearly extinct).
Most have shifted to Min Nan Chinese [nan] (Wurm 2007). Home. Elderly. Negative attitudes.
Latin script [Latn].
Cooperation with the Bunun [bnn], intermarriage with Bunun women, loanwords from Bunun.