100,000 (Salminen 2007). Ethnic population: 260,000 (Stephens 1976).
Calabria region: Catanzaro and Reggio di Calabria provinces; Sicily region: Palermo province; Molise region: Campobasso province; possibly in Apulia and Basilicata regions.
Strong position in some districts. Taught in some schools. No official status. Home. In some places there may be children learning the language but many stop using it at school age (Salminen 2007). Also use Italian [ita].
Descendants of 15th century mercenaries and refugees from the Ottoman invasion. Christian.