1,280,000 in Ethiopia (2010 UNSD). L2 users: 22,800 in Ethiopia. No monolinguals (1994 census). Total users in all countries: 1,828,800 (as L1: 1,806,000; as L2: 22,800).
Eastern lowlands, Afar, Amhara, and Somali regions.
2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial working language in Afar Region (1994, Constitution, Art 47).
Northern Afar, Central Afar, Aussa, Baadu (Ba’adu). Related to Saho [ssy].
Also use Sudanese Spoken Arabic [apd].
Called “Danakil” in Arabic and by others, but that is considered offensive by the Afar. Called Adal in Amharic. Nomadic. Muslim.