3,000 (2008 SIL), decreasing. 45 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 5,000.
Luzon, Tarlac Province, San Jose, Maamot; Station Juliana, Mayantoc, and Capas.
In some remote areas, children still learn it first. Home, community, church. Mainly younger adults. Neutral attitudes. Speakers acquire and use L2’s at home, community, or school, when negotiating multiple linguistic identities.
Traditional religion, Christian.