37,800 in Russian Federation (2010 census). Ethnic population: 43,300 (2010 census). Total users in all countries: 49,800.
Karachayevo-Cherkesiya and Stavropol’skiy Kray.
Tapanta, Ashkaraua (Ashkar, Ashxar), Bezshagh. Some dialects partially intelligible of Abkhaz [abk].
SOV; ergative-absolutive agreement on the verb.
More vigorous in the Russian Federation than Turkey. L1 for about 95%. Most also use Russian [rus].