37,800 in Russian Federation (2010 census). Population total all countries: 47,880. Ethnic population: 43,300 (2010 census).
Karachayevo-Cherkesiya and Stavropol’skiy Kray.
Ashkaraua (Ashkar, Ashxar), Bezshagh, Tapanta. Some dialects partially intelligible of Abkhaz [abk].
SOV; ergative-absolutive agreement on the verb.
More vigorous in the Russian Federation than Turkey. L1 for about 95%. 70% also use Russian [rus].