Arabic, Mesopotamian SpokenPrint
11,500,000 in Iraq. Population total all countries: 15,100,000.
Tigris and Euphrates area. Also in Iran, Jordan, Syria, Turkey.
3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language.
Anatolian Cluster, Euphrates Cluster, Tigris Cluster. Geographical and sectarian divisions correlate with Iraqi dialects. The vernacular standard based on Baghdad speech. Also Bedouin dialects. Nearly unintelligible to speakers of certain other vernacular Arabic varieties. Anatolian Cluster in Turkey.
Muslim (Shi’a), Muslim (Sunni), Christian, Jewish, Yezidi.