27,700 in China (1990 census). Population total all countries: 62,700. Ethnic population: 34,000 (2000 census).
Western Yunnan Province, Dehong Dai-Jingpo autonomous prefecture and Baoshan district, along the Myanmar border, Longchuan, Liangge, Yingjiang, and Luxi counties; Baoshan prefecture, Tengchong and Longling counties; Dali Bai autonomous prefecture, Yunlong county. Also in Myanmar.
Husa (Chintaw, Xiandao), Lianghe, Longchuan, Luxi. Each of the 3 main counties has a distinctive dialect (Statistical Bureau of Yunnan Province 2004). No reported intelligibility between dialects. Longchuan differs more from the others, with more Dai loanwords. Lianghe and Luxi use many Chinese loanwords. There are also Burmese [mya] loanwords. Related to Hpon [hpo], Maru [mhx], Lashi [lsi], Zaiwa [atb].
SOV; tonal, 4 tones
Officially classified within Achang nationality in China. Mingled with Lashi [lsi]. Traditional religion, Buddhist (Hinayana).