Adi, Galo


A language of India

Alternate Names
Adi, Adi-Gallong, Adi-Galo, Gallong, Galo, Galong

30,000. 62,000 (2001 census). A few older adult monolinguals. L2 users: Used as L2 by some commerce people from Bihar and Nepal who have settled in Adi areas.


Arunachal Pradesh state: West Siang, East Siang, Dibang Valley (south), Lohit (east), Changlang (northeast), and some in Upper Subansiri (west) districts; Assam state.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing).


Karka, Lare, Pugo. Lare is the main dialect and is accepted by all Galo.


SOV; postpositions; genitives after noun heads; articles, adjectives, numerals before and after noun heads; relatives after noun heads or without; question word initial; maximum prefixes 2, maximum suffixes 4–5; affixes indicate case of noun phrase; causatives and comparatives; CV, CVC, CVV patterns; nontonal.

Language Use

Village, home. All ages. Nearly all also use Assamese [asm]. English [eng] is spoken by the educated and the young. Nearly all speak some Hindi [hin]. Also Hindi [hin] is used with the military.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 60%. More men can read than women but more girls and women are learning. Radio programs. Grammar. NT: 2008.

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

A Scheduled Tribe. Traditional religion, Buddhist, Christian.