Adyghe

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A language of Russian Federation

Alternate Names
Adygei, Adygey, Circassian, Kiakh, Kjax, Lower Circassian, West Circassian
Population

117,500 in Russian Federation (2010 census). No monolinguals (Ministry of Education, Adygea Republic). Population total all countries: 491,800. Ethnic population: 128,500.

Location

Adygeya Republic. Also in Egypt, France, Germany, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Macedonia, Netherlands, Syria, Turkey, United States.

Language Status

2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in Adyghea (1995, Constitution, Adyghea Republic, Article 2).

Dialects

Abadzex (Abadzakh, Abadzeg), Bezhedukh (Bzedux, Bzhedug, Chemgui, Temirgoj), Natuzaj (Natukhai), Shapsug (Sapsug), Xakuchi. Most similar to Kabardian [kbd].

Typology

SOV

Language Use

96% speak it as L1. All domains. All ages. Positive attitudes. Also use Russian [rus].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 99% (Ministry of Education, Adygea Republic). Literacy rate in L2: 100% (Ministry of Education, Adygea Republic). Taught in primary schools. Newspapers. New media. Radio programs. TV. Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 1992.
Writing
Arabic script, no longer in use. Cyrillic script. Latin script, used in Turkey.
Other Comments

Some literature. Muslim (Sunni).

Also spoken in:

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