Adyghe

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A language of Russian Federation

Alternate Names
Adygei, Adygey, Circassian, Kiakh, Kjax, Lower Circassian, West Circassian
Population

117,500 in Russian Federation (2010 census). Population total all countries: 491,800. 0 monolinguals ( Ministry of Education, Adygea Republic). Ethnic population: 129,000 (2010 census).

Location

Adygeya Republic, Kransnodarskiy Kray, Karachayevo-Cherkesiya, and Stavropol’skiy Kray.

Language Status

2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in Adyghea (1995, Constitution, Adyghea Republic, Article 2).

Dialects

Abadzex (Abadzakh, Abadzeg), Bezhedukh (Bzedux, Bzhedug, Chemgui, Temirgoj), Natuzaj (Natukhai), Shapsug (Sapsug), Xakuchi. Reportedly similar to Kabardian [kbd].

Typology

SOV.

Language Use

96% speak it as L1. All domains. All ages. Positive attitudes. 100% also use Russian [rus].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 99% (Ministry of Education, Adygea Republic). Literacy rate in L2: 100% (Ministry of Education, Adygea Republic). Taught in primary schools. Newspapers. New media. Radio programs. TV. Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 1992.
Writing

Arabic script [Arab], no longer in use. Cyrillic script [Cyrl]. Latin script [Latn], used in Turkey.

Other Comments

Some literature. Muslim (Sunni).

Also spoken in:

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