Kunar Province west of Asadabad, side valleys between Kunar and Pech rivers.
6a (Vigorous). Statutory language of national identity (2004, Constitution, Article 16(2)).
Kandak, Shemul, Aret, Shumasht, and Kordar villages belong to the Chugani people; Chalas and Kurangal are separate. Muslim (Sunni).