6,860,000 in South Africa (2013 UNSD), decreasing. L2 users: 10,300,000 in South Africa (Webb 2002). Total users in all countries: 17,537,060 (as L1: 7,237,060; as L2: 10,300,000).
Widespread, but fewer speakers in East Cape and KwaZulu-Natal provinces.
1 (National). Statutory national language (1996, Constitution, Art 6(1)).
SVO; prepositions; noun head final; definite and indefinite articles; passives; tense; 20 consonants, 16 vowels, 9 diphthongs; non-tonal; free stress.
Some also use English [eng].