Argobba

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A language of Ethiopia

Population

43,700 (2007 census). 100 monolinguals. L2 users: 3,240.

Location

Northeast, Amara and Afar states; Rift Valley in Yimlawo, Gusa, Shonke, Berehet, Khayr Amba, Melkajillo, Metehara, and Shewa Robit villages area.

Language Status

6b (Threatened).

Dialects

Aliyu Amba-Ankober, Shagura, Shonke-T’allaha. The, purest, Argobba is spoken in Shonke and T’allaha. Lexical similarity: with Amharic [amh] 74%–83% with Amba-Ankober and Shagura dialects south, 53% with Shonke-T’allaha north.

Language Use

The ethnic group near Ankober mainly speaks Amharic [amh]; the group near Harar mainly speaks Oromo [hae]. Children in Shonke-T’allaha area learn Argobba; in other areas, used only by older people. Positive attitudes. Also use Amharic [amh], Oromo [orm].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 16% in Amharic.
Writing

Unwritten [Qaax].

Other Comments

Muslim.