A language of Cameroon

Alternate Names
Aage, Age, Bogen, Bogue, Eshimbi, Essimbi, Isimbi, Mburugam, Simpi

20,000 in Cameroon (1982 SIL), increasing.


North West Region, Menchum division, Menchum Valley subdivision, from Benakuma into Nigeria.

Language Status

6a (Vigorous).


Lower Esimbi, Upper Esimbi. 100% mutual intelligibility between Upper and Lower Esimbi. Lexical similarity: 35% with Balo [bqo], Ipulo [ass], Iceve-Maci [bec], Caka [ckx], Eman [emn], and Osatu [ost].


SVO; prepositions; noun head initial; 14 noun classes; content question word in sentence-final position; up to 3 prefixes; up to 1 suffix; no passives; 30 consonant phonemes; 8 vowel phonemes; 5 tones.

Language Use

Vigorous, but children growing up in English- or French-speaking areas do not learn L1 well. Home, neighborhood, market, work, church. All ages. Positive attitudes.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: Below 1%. Literacy rate in L2: 10%. Radio programs. Bible portions: 2007.

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Traditional religion, Christian, Muslim.

Also spoken in:

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