10 (Bradley 2007). Ethnic population: 15,000.
Kuril islands (Tsishima), Hokkaido.
8b (Nearly extinct).
Hokkaido (Ezo, Yezo), Kuril (Shikotan, Tsishima), Sakhalin (Saghilin), Taraika. There were at least 19 dialects.
Shifting to Japanese [jpn]. Small numbers of young people are learning Ainu in classes; revival efforts underway (Bradley 2007). Fluent speakers are 80 and older; some additional semi-speakers are 60 and older (2012).
Ainu [aib] in China is a different, unrelated language.