Akan

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A language of Ghana

Population

8,300,000 in Ghana (2004 SIL). Population includes 2,800,000 Asante Twi, 1,900,000 Fante, 555,000 Akuapem Twi (2004). Population total all countries: 8,314,600. L2 users: 1,000,000 in Ghana.

Location

Asante: South central Ashanti Region; Akuapem: Southeast, north of Accra; Fante: South central, between Winneba, Takoradi, and Obuasi; Bono: Brong-Ahafo Region, Bono section.

Language Maps
Language Status

3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language.

Dialects

Abura Fanti, Agona, Ahafo, Akuapem (Akuapim, Akwapem Twi, Akwapi, Twi), Akyem (Akyem Bosome), Anomabo Fanti, Asante (Achanti, Asanti, Ashante Twi), Asen, Bono, Dankyira, Fante (Fanti, Mfantse), Gomua, Kwawu (Kwahu).

Typology

SVO.

Language Use

Also use English [eng]. Used as L2 by Abron [abr], Adele [ade], Ahanta [aha], Animere [anf], Anyin [any], Awutu [afu], Chala [cll], Cherepon [cpn], Chumburung [ncu], Deg [mzw], Delo [ntr], Dwang [nnu], Gikyode [acd], Gua [gwx], Konkomba [xon], Kplang [kph], Krache [kye], Larteh [lar], Lelemi [lef], Ligbi [lig], Nafaanra [nfr], Nchumbulu [nlu], Nkami [nkq], Nkonya [nko], Nzema [nzi], Sehwi [sfw], Sekpele [lip], Tumulung Sisaala [sil], Wasa [wss].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 30%–60%. Literacy rate in L2: 5%–10%. Taught in primary and secondary schools. New media. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 1871–1964.
Writing

Latin script [Latn], used since 1978.

Other Comments

The two main subdivisions of Akan are assigned codes in the ISO 639-3 standard: Fanti (fat) and Twi (twi). Fanti dialects: Agona, Anomabo Fanti, Abura Fanti, Gomua. Twi dialects: Ahafo, Akuapem, Akyem, Asante, Asen, Dankyira, Kwawu.