Albanian, Tosk

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A language of Albania

Alternate Names
Arnaut, Shkip, Shqip, Shqiperë, Skchip, Tosk, Zhgabe
Population

1,570,000 in Albania (2011 census). Population total all countries: 1,778,200. Ethnic population: 2,310,000 ethnic Albanians (2011 census).

Location

South of the Shkumbin river.

Language Status

1 (National). Statutory national language (1998, Constitution, Article 14(1)).

Dialects

Tosk, Cham (Çam), Tosk, Lab (Labërisht), Tosk, Northern. Not intelligible with Arbëreshë [aae] of Italy. The basis of official standard Albanian since 1952. There is a transitional dialect zone which is neither Gheg [aln] nor Tosk. It is spoken in a few towns and villages around the Shkumbin river such as Shpat and Sulovë. A member of macrolanguage Albanian [sqi].

Typology

SVO.

Language Development
Taught in primary schools. Fully developed. Bible: 1993.
Writing

Elbasan script [Elba], no longer in use. Greek script [Grek], no longer in use. Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Muslim, Christian.

Also spoken in:

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