2,900,000 in Albania (1989). Population total all countries: 3,108,200.
South of the Shkumbin river. Also in Belgium, Croatia, Egypt, Germany, Greece, Sweden, Turkey, Ukraine, United States.
1 (National). Statutory national language (1998, Constitution, Article 14(1)).
Tosk, Cham (Çam), Tosk, Lab (Labërisht), Tosk, Northern. Not intelligible with Arbëreshë [aae] of Italy. The basis of official standard Albanian since 1952. There is a transitional dialect zone which is neither Gheg [aln] nor Tosk. It is spoken in a few towns and villages around the Shkumbin river such as Shpat and Sulovë.