Albanian, Tosk

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A language of Albania

Alternate Names
Arnaut, Shkip, Shqip, Shqiperë, Skchip, Tosk, Zhgabe
Population

2,900,000 in Albania (1989). Population total all countries: 3,108,200.

Location

South of the Shkumbin river. Also in Belgium, Croatia, Egypt, Germany, Greece, Sweden, Turkey, Ukraine, United States.

Language Status

1 (National). Statutory national language (1998, Constitution, Article 14(1)).

Dialects

Tosk, Cham (Çam), Tosk, Lab (Labërisht), Tosk, Northern. Not intelligible with Arbëreshë [aae] of Italy. The basis of official standard Albanian since 1952. There is a transitional dialect zone which is neither Gheg [aln] nor Tosk. It is spoken in a few towns and villages around the Shkumbin river such as Shpat and Sulovë.

Typology

SVO

Language Development
Taught in primary schools. Fully developed. Bible: 1993.
Writing
Elbasan script, no longer in use. Greek script, no longer in use. Latin script.
Other Comments

Muslim, Christian.

Also spoken in:

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