57,400 (2010 census). Ethnic population: 67,200 (including Northern Altai [atv]). 2002 census excluded 2,400 Talangits and 2,650 Teleuts.
Gorno-Altai Ao mountains, Mongolia and China border.
2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in Altai Republic (1993, Constitution, Article 68(2)).
Altai Proper (Altai-Kizhi, Altaj Kizi, Maina-Kizhi, Southern Altai), Talangit (Chuy, Talangit-Tolos, Telengit), Teleut. No intelligiblility of Northern Altai [atv].
Home, and with other Altai. All ages. All also use Russian [rus] except older adults as a contact language, for literature, and urban professional and cultural life.
Different from Oirat [xal] (Kalmyk-Oirat), a Mongolian language. Traditional religion, Christian.