24,000 (2014 J. Leclerc).
Rif Dimashq Governorate, Al-Qutayfah district; Qalamoun mountains, 50 km north of Damascus, Ma’lula, Bakh’a, and Jubb ’Adin villages.
Ma’lula (Maaloula, Maalula, Ma’lu:la), Bakh’a (Bax’a), Jub-’adin (Jubb ’Adi:n). Little dialect variation.
Home, and as literary and religious language. Also use North Levantine Spoken Arabic [apc].
Unwritten [Qaax], efforts to introduce a writing system with old Aramaic characters and with Hebrew were not successful.