A language of Colombia

Alternate Names
Andoke, Businka, Cha’oie, Paasi-ahá , Paasiaja

370 (2007 B. Pencue), decreasing. 10,000 in 1908 (Landaburu 1979). 50 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 520 (Crevels 2007).


Amazonas Department, Aduche, tributary of Caquetá, 15 km downriver from Araracuara; also in Caqueta Department, Solano municipality.

Language Maps
Language Status

7 (Shifting).

Language Use

All users over 60. 80% also use Spanish [spa]. Used as L2 by Nonuya [noj].

Language Development
Bible portions: 1976.
Other Comments

Ethnic autonym: Poosioho, people of the axe. Some intermarriage with Muinanes [bmr] and Huitotos [hux].