725,000 in India (IMA 1997). Population total all countries: 740,900.
Northern Bihar. Also in Nepal.
79% inherent intelligibility of Brahmin Maithili. Lexical similarity: 81% (Brahmin) to 87% (non-Brahmin) with Darbhanga Maithili.
SOV; postpositions; noun head final; content q-word in situ; clause constituents indicated by case-marking; passives and voice; nontonal
Use declining (2007). Home, community. All ages. Negative attitudes. Hindi [hin] is used for trading, government, prayer.