Arabic, Sudanese SpokenPrint
15,000,000 in Sudan (1991). Population now divided between Sudan and South Sudan. Population total all countries: 16,867,000. L2 users: Used as an L1 or L2 by over 29 million people in Sudan (2013 A. Persson).
3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language.Used as an L2 by all other language groups in Sudan.
Ja’ali, Khartoum, North Kordofan Arabic, Shukri, Western Sudanese. Western Sudan Spoken Arabic and Khartoum Arabic dialects have little compatibility (Kaye 1988). A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara].
All domains except written. All ages. Positive attitudes. Used as L2 by Acheron [acz], Adamawa Fulfulde [fub], Afitti [aft], Aka [soh], Andaandi [dgl], Bedawiyet [bej], Dagik [dec], Dair [drb], Dar Fur Daju [daj], Dilling [dil], Domari [rmt], El Hugeirat [elh], Fur [fvr], Gaam [tbi], Ghulfan [ghl], Gula [kcm], Heiban [hbn], Kanga [kcp], Karko [kko], Katcha-Kadugli-Miri [xtc], Keiga [kec], Koalib [kib], Krongo [kgo], Laro [lro], Logorik [liu], Lumun [lmd], Masalit [mls], Molo [zmo], Nding [eli], Nobiin [fia], Otoro [otr], Shwai [shw], Tese [keg], Tulishi [tey], Yulu [yul], Zaghawa [zag].
Written form rarely used; Standard Arabic [arb] used instead.