Apache, Western

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A language of United States

Alternate Names
Coyotero
Population

14,000 (Golla 2007). 6,000 on San Carlos, 7,000 on Fort Apache Reservation (White Mountain Apache Tribe); smaller numbers at Tonto, Camp Verde, and Fort McDowell reservations (Golla 2007). Ethnic population: 20,200 (Ichihashi-Nakayama 2007). L2 users: Several dozen L2 speakers, mostly children and a few older whites.

Location

East central Arizona, several reservations.

Language Status

6b (Threatened).

Dialects

Cibecue, San Carlos, Tonto, White Mountain.

Language Use

Vigorous. A few children at San Carlos and Fort Apache are L1 speakers but most younger people are passive or semi-passive (Golla 2007). Also use English [eng].

Language Development
Radio programs. Dictionary. NT: 1966–2012.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].