Arhuaco

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A language of Colombia

Alternate Names
Aruaco, Bintucua, Bintuk, Bíntukua, Ica, Ijca, Ijka, Ika, Ikan, Ike
Population

8,000 (2009 P. Frank). 7,200 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 14,300.

Location

Magdalena and Cesar departments, northeast and southern slopes of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing).

Typology

SOV.

Language Use

All domains. All ages. Positive attitudes. Men speak more Spanish [spa] than women, school-age young people speak more Spanish than adults, especially in written form.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 1%–5%. Literacy rate in L2: 15%–25%. Children are developing literacy in Arhuaco at school. Taught in primary schools. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible portions: 2005.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Ethnic autonym: Ika. Strong traditional culture. Traditional religion.