80,000 in China (1999 X. Xijian). Population total all countries: 110,000. 20,000 monolinguals.
Yunnan Province, Dehong Dai-Jingpo autonomous prefecture, Luxi, Ruili, Longchuan, Yingjiang, and Bangwa counties.
5 (Developing). Language of recognized nationality: Jingpo.
SOV; 3 tone categories in unchecked syllables and 2 in checked; tense-lax vowel contrast.
Vigorous. Speakers of other languages in the area also speak Zaiwa. All domains. All ages. Used less by young people and children. Positive attitudes. Intellectuals are concerned about preservation of Zaiwa. Also use Central Bai [bca], Jingpho [kac], Lachi [lbt], Lhao Vo [mhx], Lisu [lis], Mandarin Chinese [cmn]. Used as L2 by Jingpho [kac], Lhaovo [mhx].
Traditional religion, Christian, Daoist.