57,400 (2010 census). 2,000 Tuba, several thousand Kumandy, 2,000 Chalkan (Salminen 2007). Census includes Southern Altai [alt]. Ethnic population: 67,200 (including Southern Altai).
Gorno-Altai Ao mountains, Mongolia and China border.
Chalkan, Kumandy, Tuba. No comprehension of Southern Altai [alt]. Considered a separate language. Teleut may be a separate language.
Home, community, media. Little transmission of language to children (2007). Also use Russian [rus].
Traditional religion, Christian.