Avá-Canoeiro

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A language of Brazil

Alternate Names
Abá, Avá, Awana, Canoa, Canoe, Canoeiros
Population

14 (Moore 2006). 14 monolinguals. All speakers are monolingual. Ethnic population: 46 (2009 ISA).

Location

Tocantins State, island of Bananal, and upper Tocantins river valley; Goias State, Terra Indigena Ava-Canoeiro.

Language Maps
Language Status

8b (Nearly extinct).

Dialects

The groups in Tocantins and Goias speak different dialects, and have lived apart for over 100 years.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 0%.
Other Comments

Seminomadic. The group in Tocantins, contacted in 1974, has 12 people. An estimated 15 remain uncontacted. The other group in Goias, contacted in 1983 has 9 people, with an estimated 10 remaining uncontacted. Traditional religion.