15,500,000 in Iran (2010). Population total all countries: 16,913,280. Ethnic population: 18,700,000. L2 users: Used as L2 in Northwestern Iran.
East and West Azerbaijan provinces, Ardebil, Zanjan, and part of Markazi provinces; Tehran districts; Fars Province and scattered.
3 (Wider communication).
Afshari (Afsar, Afshar), Aynallu (Inallu, Inanlu), Baharlu (Kamesh), Bayat, Karapapakh, Moqaddam, Nafar, Pishagchi, Qajar, Qaragozlu, Shahsavani (Shahseven), Tabriz. A member of macrolanguage Azerbaijani [aze].
Arabic script [Arab], used in Iraq and Iran.