Bashkort

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A language of Russian Federation

Alternate Names
Bashkir, Bashqort, Basquort
Population

1,150,000 in Russian Federation (2010 census), decreasing. Ethnic population: 1,590,000 (2010 census). Total users in all countries: 1,245,990.

Location

Bashkortostan Republic: Chelyabinskaya Oblast’, Kurganskaya Oblast’, and Sverdlovskaya Oblast’; between Volga river and Ural mountains; beyond the Urals.

Language Status

4 (Educational). Statutory language of provincial identity in Bashkortostan Republic (1993, Constitution, Article 68(2)).

Dialects

Kuvakan (Mountain Bashkir), Yurmaty (Steppe Bashkir), Burzhan (Western Bashkir). Reportedly similar to Tatar [tat].

Typology

SOV; postpositions; noun head final; no articles; case-marking (6 cases); verb affixes mark person, number; 27 consonants, 9 vowels; non-tonal; stress on final syllable; vowel harmony.

Language Use

All ages. Neutral attitudes. Also use Tatar [tat].

Language Development
Grammar. Bible portions: 1899–2003.
Writing

Cyrillic script [Cyrl].

Other Comments

Muslim.

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