1,150,000 in Russian Federation (2010 census), decreasing. Population total all countries: 1,221,340. Ethnic population: 1,590,000 (2010 census).
Bashkortostan Republic, Chelyabinskaya Oblast’, Kurganskaya Oblast’, and Sverdlovskaya Oblast’; between Volga river and Ural mountains; beyond the Urals.
4 (Educational). Statutory language of provincial identity in Bashkortostan Republic (1993, Constitution, Article 68(2)).
Burzhan (Western Bashkir), Kuvakan (Mountain Bashkir), Yurmaty (Steppe Bashkir). Reportedly similar to Tatar [tat].
All ages. Neutral attitudes. Also use Tatar [tat].
Cyrillic script [Cyrl].