500 in Colombia (2004 DNP). Population total all countries: 539. Some monolinguals over 40.
Southeastern Vaupes Department, tributaries of mid and upper Pira-Paraná, upper Papurí and Tiquié, Mitú.
Eastern Waimaha, Pamoa Bara.
Passed on from fathers to children. Most domains, home, family, religion, local commerce, community. All ages. Positive attitudes. 40% also use Spanish [spa]. Spanish is used in school and with government officials. Also use Barasana-Eduria [bsn], Carapana [cbc], Macuna [myy], Tatuyo [tav], Tucano [tuo], Tuyuca [tue], Wajiara [yui]. All use 2 to 4 of the other languages due to marriage patterns across language boundaries. Children speak the language of each parent, but identify with the father’s language. Used as L2 by Tuyuca [tue].
Latin script [Latn].
Christian, traditional religion.