A language of China

Alternate Names
Bengan, Bogan, Bugeng, Hualo, Huazu, Pukan, Puqeng

2,700 (Yunbin 2005).


Southeast Yunnan Province, Wenshan Zhuang and Miao autonomous prefecture, Guangnan and Xichou counties, South Guangnan Nasa township, 4 Bugan villages: Laowalong, Xinwalong, Xinpingzhai, and Nala; Guangnan county, Zhuanjiao district, 2 Bugan villages: Jiuping, Shibeipo; Northern Yanshan county, Jijie district, Manlong and 6 other villages.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous).


Very minor accent differences between villages.


Prenasalized and plain stop and affricate initials; tense and lax vowel contrast; nasal and stop variation word final; tone sandhi, 6 tones

Language Use

Vigorous. All ethnic Bugan speak Bugan. All ages. Some middle aged and older people do not understand local Chinese (southwest dialect of Mandarin [cmn]) or Mandarin [cmn]; children and young people who have not attended school have a very low level of Chinese [cmn]. Many adults speak some local Chinese, and a few some Miao [cqd] or Nong Zhuang [zhn].

Other Comments

Officially classified within Yi nationality, but their language and culture are very different from the surrounding Yi nationality groups. They maintain their own festivals and are endogamous. Ethnonyms: Hualuo and Huazu, multi-colored tribe, are used by surrounding Han, Zhuang and other groups and are due to traditional costumes worn by women. Traditional religion.