2,700 (Yunbin 2005).
Southeast Yunnan Province, Wenshan Zhuang and Miao autonomous prefecture, Guangnan and Xichou counties, South Guangnan Nasa township, 4 Bugan villages: Laowalong, Xinwalong, Xinpingzhai, and Nala; Guangnan county, Zhuanjiao district, 2 Bugan villages: Jiuping, Shibeipo; Northern Yanshan county, Jijie district, Manlong and 6 other villages.
Very minor accent differences between villages.
Prenasalized and plain stop and affricate initials; tense and lax vowel contrast; nasal and stop variation word final; tone sandhi, 6 tones
Vigorous. All ethnic Bugan speak Bugan. All ages. Some middle aged and older people do not understand local Chinese (southwest dialect of Mandarin [cmn]) or Mandarin [cmn]; children and young people who have not attended school have a very low level of Chinese [cmn]. Many adults speak some local Chinese, and a few some Miao [cqd] or Nong Zhuang [zhn].
Officially classified within Yi nationality, but their language and culture are very different from the surrounding Yi nationality groups. They maintain their own festivals and are endogamous. Ethnonyms: Hualuo and Huazu, multi-colored tribe, are used by surrounding Han, Zhuang and other groups and are due to traditional costumes worn by women. Traditional religion.