A language of Cameroon

Alternate Names
Baloum, Bamileke-Bandjoun, Bandjoun, Banjoun-Baham, Banjun, Batie, Mahum, Mandju

260,000 (1982 SIL).


West Region, most of Mifi division, except extreme south and pockets north and west; Mifi division, Bamendjou subdivision; east Menoua division; a pocket in south Bamboutos division.

Language Status

5 (Developing).


Ghomálá’ Central (Baham, Bandjoun, Hom, Jo, We, Yogam), Ghomálá’ North (Fusap, Lang), Ghomálá’ South (Dengkwop, Pa, Te), Ngemba (Bamenjou, Fu’da, Meka, Monjo, Mugum, Sa). Bameka, Bansoa, and Balessing are subvarieties of South Ghomálá’, North Ghomálá’ has 2 subvarieties, Central Ghomálá’ 4, and Ngemba 5.

Language Use

Taught informally to adults since the early 1900s. Adopted by UNESCO in 1960s as one of 9 languages of wider communication for Cameroon. Taught formally in 6 Roman Catholic schools since 1995. Also use French [fra].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 25%–50%. NT: 2002.

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Traditional religion, Christian.