2,500,000 (1990 census), increasing. Speakers of all Bikol languages: 4,580,000 (2000 census). L2 users: Also used by migrants and those who marry into the area as L2.
Bikol Region, Quezon Province, extreme eastern tip; Camarines Sur Province, around San Miguel bay, Ragay gulf, Caramoan peninsula to Lagonay gulf; western Albay Province, including Legapi area; northern Sorsogon Province, mouth, Sorsogon bay, inland; Camarines Norte Province, facing Philippine Sea, from basiad marshes east along coast to Mandao, San Miguel bay; southwestern third, Catanduanes Province; Masbate Province, most likely Burias and Ticao islands.
3 (Wider communication). Statutory language of provincial identity in Camarines Norte, 4 other provinces (1991, ACFLC Section 3(f)).
Daet, Legazpi (Legapi), Naga, Partido. A member of macrolanguage Bikol [bik].
Christian (Roman Catholic).