Bikol, Central


A language of Philippines

Alternate Names
Bikol, Central Bicolano

2,500,000 (1990 census), increasing. Speakers of all Bikol languages: 4,580,000 (2000 census). L2 users: Also used by migrants and those who marry into the area as L2.


Luzon, Camarines Norte, Camarines Sur, southern Catanduanes, northern Sorsogon, and Albay provinces.

Language Status

3 (Wider communication). Statutory language of provincial identity in Camarines Norte, 4 other provinces (1991, ACFLC Section 3(f)).


Legaspi, Naga. A member of macrolanguage Bikol [bik].

Language Use

All domains. All ages. Positive attitudes. Also use English [eng], Tagalog [tgl]. Second languages acquired through schooling, media, and travel. Used as L2 by Inabaknon [abx], Isarog Agta [agk], Northern Sorsoganon [bks], Rinconada Bikol [bto], Southern Sorsoganon [srv].

Language Development
Taught in primary schools. Bible: 1915.

Braille script [Brai]. Latin script [Latn], primary usage.

Other Comments

Christian (Roman Catholic).