Bodo Parja


A language of India

Alternate Names
Bodo Paraja, Harja, Jhaliya, Jharia, Jhodia Parja, Parajhi, Parja, Parjhi, Parji, Paroja, Poroja, Sodia Parja

50,000 (2001 Indian Bible Translators).


Odisha, Koraput district.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing).


None known. Phonology and grammar show Indo-European relationship, not related to Dravidian Duruwa Parji. 86%–96% intelligibility between Bodo and Jhodia caste varieties. Lexical similarity: 76%–86% with Bodo and Jhodia caste varieties, 70%–89% with Desia.

Language Use

Most have low proficiency in Adivasi Oriya [ort], which is used in the market.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 15% (2001 census). Bible portions.

Oriya script [Orya].

Other Comments

Paroja is a Scheduled Tribe; the name comes from Sanskrit [san] subjects. It is used for a variety of ethnic groups from different language families. Hindu, Christian, traditional religion.