951,000 in Sudan (1982 SIL). 30,000 Hadendoa, 15,000 Bisharin (1992). Population total all countries: 1,186,000.
Red Sea and Kassala states, southeast River Nile. Also in Egypt, Eritrea.
Beni-Amir, Bisharin (Bisariab), Hadareb (Hadaareb), Hadendoa (Hadendiwa, Hadendowa). Little vocabulary in common with other Cushitic languages, but a great deal of the verbal morphology is similar.
SOV; prefixes, postpositions, causatives, reciprocals, reflexives, subject; suffixes distinguish person, number, gender