5,000,000 (2000 census). Population count imprecise due to vague ethnic and linguistic definition of ‘Betawi’.
Java, Special Capital Territory, Jakarta city.
A Malay-based creole distinct from both Indonesian [ind] and other Malay-based pidgins and creoles. It evolved mid-19th century. Unique phonological, morphological, and lexical traits. Influences from Peranakan Indonesian [pea] and Bali [bcp]. Often not intelligible to Indonesian speakers not familiar with it (Allen 1989).
Functions as a Low variety in a diglossic situation, but has covert prestige when used by the upper class.