Bondo

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A language of India

Alternate Names
Bhonda Bhasha, Bonda, Bondo-Poraja, Nanqa Poroja, Poraja Katha, Remo, Remosum
Population

9,000 (2002 SIL). Few Lower Bondo are monolingual. 5,570 Upper Bondo and 3,500 Lower Bondo.

Location

Odisha, Malkangiri district, Khoirput block, Bondo Hills.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous).

Dialects

Lower Bondo, Upper Bondo. Bhuksa dialect sometimes mentioned as a dialect of Kanauji [bjj]. Lexical similarity: 70%–94% with other Bondo varieties, 45%–51% with Gutob Gadaba [gbj], 22%–32% with Upper Gata’ [gaq] (Didayi).

Language Use

Positive attitudes. Many use Adivasi Oriya [ort] for trade and interactions with surrounding communities. Few Upper Bondo are bilingual.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 12% (2001 census). Dictionary.
Writing
Oriya script.
Other Comments

A Scheduled Tribe. Traditional religion, Hindu.