Haryanvi

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A language of India

Alternate Names
Bangaru, Banger, Bangri, Bangru, Chamarwa, Desari, Hariani, Hariyani, Haryani, Jatu
Population

8,000,000 (2001 census). Includes 107,000 Haryanvi proper (1997). Ethnic population: 16,000,000 (1992 SIL).

Location

Haryana; Rajasthan; Punjab; Karnataka; Delhi; Himachal Pradesh; Uttar Pradesh.

Language Status

6a (Vigorous).

Dialects

Bangaru Proper, Deswali, Khadar. Good intelligibility among dialects, but Haryanvi is not intelligible with Hindi. Most similar to Braj Bhasha [bra]. Lexical similarity: 92% among dialects.

Language Use

Home, religion. All ages. Positive attitudes. Also use Hindi [hin] with proficiency higher among the educated.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 55% Hindi. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible portions: 2001.
Writing
Devanagari script.
Other Comments

Ethnonym: Bangru, used for speakers in Jind area; Khadar used by speakers in Jind to refer to the speech of Rohtak and Sonipat. Hindu, Muslim.